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Hello to my assigned writer! I need your help to write my bachelor thesis from scratch.
Can you please adjust your writing style to a Bachelor’s level?
Please DO NOT FORGET any in-text citations you made and also input them in the references list
It is a literature review thesis
below I will provide all the necessary information that you might need
FONT is Times New Roman with size 11, line spacing is 1.5
I have provided with some thesis examples, BUT these are NOT THE SAME TOPIC so please don’t copy their content, please just use it as a reference on how the STRUCTURE of the thesis should look like.
I have also provided with the assessment form so please adhere to that form.
PLEASE have at least 10 SOURCES from the recommended journal document attached, I kindly beg you.
Can you please also include the Management Summary and Table of Contents? Management Summary is before Table of Contents (see thesis examples)
Don’t forget about the international component since it is an important part. More information can be found below.
Can I also get the first chapter in 2 weeks? The rest chapter can be given to me on the deadline
I have these variables in mind but if you have a better one please change it as you like!
Independent variable: paid leave policies. The research question seeks to understand the impact of paid leave policies on employee performance in different cultural contexts.
Dependent variable: employee performance. The thesis seeks to understand how paid leave policies impact employee performance across different cultural contexts.
Moderating variable: cultural context. The thesis seeks to explore how cultural context may influence the relationship between paid leave policies and employee performance.
The bachelor thesis is a scientific literature review, in which
you aim to answer a research question based on academic literature (mostly journal papers).
A good bachelor thesis is complete, correct, comprehensible and conclusive. “Conclusive”
refers to the fact that based on your synthesis of the literature, new insights are derived.
Writing a bachelor thesis is not just summarizing what you have read in the literature: it also
entails a personal and original contribution to the field of research. “Conclusive” also implies
that you should always provide arguments why you support a given view. For example, a
statement like “diversification lead to better performance” is incomplete if you do not provide
supportive arguments by referring to research findings from other researchers and explain
why diversification leads better performance.
Before you start writing your thesis, it is important to define and delineate your problem
statement. Coming up with a suitable and interesting problem statement is probably the most
difficult stage in writing a good thesis. To learn more about your problem, you will need to
perform a literature review, which will enable you to discuss the relevant factors that are
important for answering your research question. In your final chapter, you come back to your
original problem statement, and you provide a sound answer to them. In addition, possible
gaps in your literature review are discussed, and managerial and academic
recommendations are given. Below the necessary steps that you should take into account
when writing a bachelor thesis are described in detail.
Step 1: Selecting a topic and defining your problem statement
1. Selecting a topic / subtopic
Students can only choose topics provided by the department of Management (see section
Topics and topic choice.) These topics are broad, so it is necessary for you to delineate the
particular topic into a more feasible subtopic. For example, a possible topic provided might
be “entry modes”. Because the literature on “entry modes” is elaborate, it is not possible to
write a comprehensive thesis on the topic entry modes. A more specific subtopic might be
on “selection of foreign markets” or “selection of partners”.
2. What is a good problem statement?
Your problem statement is the most important and also the most difficult step in writing a
good thesis. Formulating a good and interesting problem statement is the result of an
extensive literature review that helps you to distil a new and original research idea.
problem statement should be relevant (interesting), both from an academic as well as a
managerial perspective. From an academic perspective, a topic is interesting if:
• Little is known about a (specific) topic.
• Much is known about a topic, but the knowledge is scattered and not integrated.
• Much is known about a topic, but the findings are contradictory, incomplete, and / or
From a managerial perspective, a topic is interesting if:
• Many organizations believe that knowledge management is important for their
organization. Is this belief correct?
• There is a problem in managing something (for example, relationships with suppliers).
Good problem statements are also specific (what is within and what is outside the scope of
your thesis?) and attainable (can you answer the problem within the time frame of the
bachelor thesis?). A problem statement is formulated as an open question. After formulating
the problem statement, you can formulate more specific questions that follow from the
problem statement. These sub questions, research questions, may help you to further narrow
down your field of research and help in giving structure to your thesis as a whole.
3. Literature search
In order to delineate your topic and problem statement, and to make both the topic and
problem statement as specific and attainable as possible, you will need to know what studies
have been performed in the past with regard to your topic, whether or not there are gaps and
/ or inconsistencies in the literature, and so forth. Therefore, you will need to start your
literature review as early as from the formulation of your problem statement onwards.
Literature can be found in many ways.
4. International component, you must make sure that your topic has an international component.
This could exist of:
• Decision making in an international situation (e.g. multi-national company,
international financial portfolio, international outsourcing decisions, consumers
making international purchase decisions).
• Comparison between one or more countries or cultures.
• A topic related to international policy or regulation.
In the BSc thesis the international component should be in the following parts:
• Part of the research question (either the main question or one of the sub questions).
• Be part of either the set-up of the theoretical framework/ hypotheses (theoretical
thesis) or the data-analysis (empirical thesis).
• Part of the conclusion/discussion section.
Step 2: Defining your conceptual model
After the formulation of your problem statement and your (initial) literature review, it is time
to describe the relevant factors and their interrelations. This is done in the chapters that follow
your introductory chapter. All variables that are relevant to answer your problem statement
should be discussed in detail, together with their (expected) interrelations. In general, each
chapter of your bachelor thesis answers a research question.
Step 3: Conclusions, discussion, and recommendations
Your final chapter should broadly consist of three parts: conclusions, discussion, and
recommendations. First of all, you present the answer to your problem statement. You should
provide more detailed conclusions that follow from your literature review. The conclusions
should not be a straight re-formulation of literature review presented earlier, but should go
more in depth. They should be specifically related to your problem statement, and are usually
short and to-the-point.
In the discussion paragraph, you should discuss issues that you encountered during your
literature review that may help the reader to validate the generality of your conclusions. For
example, if there were contradictory findings in the literature, what might be an explanation?
Perhaps there were flaws in the research design of one of the papers you discussed. Another
example of a discussion issue would be the generalization of the findings: if all studies you
report on were conducted using a student sample, can the results and conclusions than be
generalized to the complete population? Why? Why not?
In the recommendation paragraph you should elaborate on suggestions for future (empirical)
research as well as on suggestions for practice. The suggestions for future research are an
important aspect of your bachelor thesis. Once you have determined (i) what is known from
the literature, (ii) on what issues very little research has been done, and (iii) on what issues
authors do not agree and / or conflicting findings exist, you should be able to indicate
interesting areas for future research. Practical recommendations may concern strategy,
implementation, or investment issues.
Structure of the bachelor thesis
The structure of
a good bachelor thesis roughly looks as follows:
Chapter 1: Introduction
• Problem indication: this sketches the symptoms of the problem to be researched. A usual
form is a short description of the problem area.
• Problem statement and research questions: the problem statement is the central
question dealt with in the thesis. Key elements of the problem may be elucidated,
specified and/or delimited. To deal with the problem, it is necessary to split it up into a
number of research questions. The research questions are the questions that must
subsequently be answered to be able to solve the problem.
• Research methods.
• Structure of the thesis: This should be directly in line with the research questions. In
principle, each chapter after Chapter 1 should deal with one research question.
Chapter 2 till X: Theory
• In each chapter a research question is answered
Chapter X: Conclusions and recommendations
• Discussion and conclusions
• Academic and practical recommendations
Tone of voice:
objective and neutral
Academic writing is very different from journalistic writing. Whereas the most important thing
for journalists is to be catchy and readable, the most important thing for academics is to be
accurate (even if this means the text losing a notch on catchiness). When academic work is
reported on in the popular press, academics usually believe that the journalist has been very
inaccurate (reporting wrong numbers or giving a twist to results to make things more exciting).
When in doubt between accuracy and catchiness – choose accuracy!
In a bachelor thesis you should be as objective and as neutral as possible. You are not a
politician writing a pamphlet, who is ignoring opposing views and facts, and who is only
quoting people who share his views whilst ridiculing those who do not. To be as objective
and as neutral as possible, you should try to make your argument by using materials from
different authors and different journals (and, if possible, also from different disciplines). If a
line of research or theorizing argues against your point or statement, do not ignore that
literature, but carefully explain the inconsistencies, and why you believe your point is more
valid than the opposing view (for example, what is your criticism?).
Objectivity is also reflected in your writing style. One characteristic of academic writing is that
the word ‘I’ is avoided, for several reasons. First of all, the thesis is about the relationship
between variables – not about you. Second, by banning ‘I’, you are forced to focus on the
facts and arguments underlying assumptions, instead of merely writing down what “you”
believe is good or bad. Avoid “I think’s” in the thesis, since they signal subjectivity instead of
Citing and quoting
Since your thesis is based on a review of academic literature, there will be a considerable
amount of references to relevant theories, statements and / or thoughts of other researchers,
which you have to cite properly. Citing the work of others not only proves that you have read
the most important articles in the field, but it also allows the reader to check your arguments
and to search for the papers when he or she wants to learn more about them.
Your bachelor thesis ends with a reference list. The reference list should appear after the last
chapter, but before the appendices (if you have any). It is important that you carefully check
that every work cited in the thesis appears in the reference list, and that the reference list
only contains work that is cited in the thesis (a mistake that many students make is that they
also refer to work that they have read in relation to the thesis, but have not cited: you should
not include uncited works in the reference list!).
References should be listed alphabetically by the last name of the first author. If you refer to
journal articles, always provide the volume and the specific issue of the journal, and the
There are several ways to present your reference list. It is very important though to be
consistent: if you choose one way, you should stick with it. The APA (American Psychological
Association) style for making references is recommended and will be explained below.
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